It is fairly easy to perform **simple arithmetic operations** in R. You simply need to type in the operations as command directly in the editor (script), right after the `>`

sign, and press `ENTER`

to validate.

Use `+`

, `-`

, `*`

and `/`

for additions, subtractions, multiplications and divisions, respectively.

Try to copy the following code in your script window to try it on your own (do not copy the line numbers…):

[code language=”r”]

5+3

7-4

7*9

8/2

[/code]

Note that the result lines (in blue) always starts with [1] in our example. This number between brackets is only there to indicate the position of the result in the displayed line of answers that your command might have created. Don’t worry, this will make much more sense later on.

There are a few **functions** that you may use to perform other simple, standard operations on numbers. Among these are `sqrt()`

, `exp()`

, `log()`

…

[code language=”r”]

sqrt(4)

log(4)

exp(4)

[/code]

At anytime, you may also **combine operators and functions** to perform more complex operations. You may additionally use parentheses whenever needed.

[code language=”r”]

sqrt((9+7)*4)

[/code]